About one out of every 200 infants is born with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Around one in five babies born with congenital CMV infection will have long-term health problems.
Is CMV a congenital disease?
When a baby is born with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, it is called congenital CMV. Most babies with congenital CMV never show signs or have health problems. However, some babies have health problems at birth or that develop later.
Is cytomegalovirus congenital or acquired?
Cytomegalovirus infection may be acquired prenatally or perinatally and is the most common congenital viral infection.
What is the most common congenital infection?
Cytomegalovirus, a herpesvirus, is the most common cause of congenital infections, occurring in about 2.5% of live births. Several other viruses can be transmitted transplacentally, including variola (smallpox), rubella, measles, Zika, and parvovirus B19.
Is cytomegalovirus a latent infection?
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common viral pathogen which is highly prevalent, but does not cause clinical disease in hosts with a fully competent immune system. After infection the virus remains with the host life-long in a chronic and then latent state.